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ᓄᓇᙳᐊᑦ | ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᓂᕐᑖᑐᑦ | ᖃᐅᔨᒋᐊᕐᕕᒋᑎᒍᑦ | Français | English

From left to right we find: a man with a machete cutting blocks of snow stacked in front of the canvas tent of a winter camp, a historical photograph of an Inuit family in front of a summer camp tent, and three Inuit aboard a snowmobile going towards a village in a spring landscape.

ᐃᓄᑦᑕᖏᑦ

ᓴᐅᒥᐊᓂᑦ ᑕᓕᕐᐱᐊᓄᑦ: ᐅᖂᑕᓕᐅᕐᑐᖅ ᐱᕐᑐᒧᑦ ᑎᑭᑕᐅᖕᖏᓂᕐᒥᓂ ᑐᐱᕐᓂᒃ ᑐᕐᕿᑕᐅᖁᔨᒐᓂ | (ᖃᓪᓗᓈᕐᑎᑑᕐᑐᐃᓐᓇᑐᑦ) Inuit Group, Fort Chimo, 1896. Photographer: A.P. Low, Library and Archives Canada C-005591 | ᐳᕕᕐᓂᑐᖅ

ᖃᐅᔨᑎᑦᓯᒍᑏᑦ

ᒥᑦᓯᑎᓐᓂ 15 000 (ᐅᓪᓗᕆᓕᕐᑕᑕ ᓯᕗᓂᖓᓂ) ᑕᕆᐅᕌᓗᒃ ᑎᓂᒋᐊᓚᐅᕐᓂᖁᖅ. ᓄᓇ ᐃᑳᕐᕕᓴᕈᕐᓱᓂ ᕉᓯᐊᒥᑦ ᐊᓛᓯᑲᒧᑦ, ᑐᕌᕐᓱᓂ ᔪᑳᓐᒧᑦ. ᐅᓪᓗᒥᓕ ᐅᑭᐅᕋᓘᑉ ᑕᕆᐅᖓ ᐅᓖᒪᓕᕐᐳᖅ ᑖᑦᓱᒥᖓ ᓄᓇᒥᒃ, ᐃᓄᒐᓴᑦᔪᐊᓄᑦ ᐊᕐᖁᑎᐅᖃᑦᑕᓯᒪᔪᒥᑦ ᐱᔪᓄᑦ ᑕᕆᐅᑉ ᐊᑭᐊᓂᑦ ᐁᓯᐊᒥᑦ.

Map of North America, illustrating with arrows the different roads that the first settlers have traveled.

ᓄᓇᖕᖑᐊᖅ ᑕᑯᑦᓴᐅᑎᑦᓯᔪᖅ ᐊᒥᕆᑫᑦ ᑕᕐᕋᖓᓐᓂ ᓄᓇᓯᒪᕙᓪᓕᐊᒋᐊᖕᖓᓯᔪᕕᓃᑦ ᐊᕐᖁᓯᓂᕕᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ

ᑖᒃᑯᐊ ᐃᓄᕐᖃᕕᓃᑦ ᓯᕗᓕᖏᑦ ᑕᒪᐅᓈᖃᑦᑕᓯᒪᔪᑦ. ᓄᓇᓄᑦ ᐅᐸᓚᐅᕐᓯᒪᖕᖏᑕᒥᓄᑦ ᐅᐸᐅᑎᓕᕐᓱᑎᒃ, ᐃᓄᒃᒍᑎᑦᓴᖃᕐᓱᑎᒃ ᓄᓇᒥᑦ ᓇᐹᕐᑐᖃᖕᖏᑐᒥᒃ. ᐊᕐᕌᒍᐃᑦ 100-ᖑᓈᕐᑎᔪᑦ ᐊᒥᓲᖕᖏᑐᑦ ᐊᓂᒍᕐᑎᓗᒋᑦ, ᑎᑭᐅᑎᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᓇᐹᕐᑐᖃᖕᖏᑐᒧᑦ ᓇᑎᕐᓇᔪᐊᒧᑦ ᐊᒥᕆᑫᓪᓗ ᓯᕿᓂᐊᑕ ᓂᐱᕝᕕᐊᓄᑦ, ᐊᐅᓚᓂᖃᕐᓱᑎᒃ ᖃᕐᖃᕐᔪᐊᑦ ᓯᕿᓂᐊᑕ ᓄᐃᕕᐊᓄᑦ.

10,000 ᐊᕐᕌᒍᐃᑦ ᓈᓕᕐᑎᓗᒋᑦ, ᐅᓪᓗᒥ ᓄᓇᕕᐅᓂᕋᕐᑕᐅᔪᖅ ᓯᑯᐊᓗᑐᐃᓐᓇᐅᓚᕐᑐᕕᓂᖅ, ᐊᐅᑉᐸᓕᐊᒐᐅᑕᓯᓚᐅᕐᓯᒪᑎᓪᓗᒍ 7,500 ᐊᕐᕌᒍᐃᑦ ᓈᓕᕐᑐᑦ ᐅᓪᓗᒥᒧᑦ ᓯᓚᕐᔪᐊᑉ ᐅᕐᖂᓯᕙᓪᓕᐊᓂᖓᓄᑦ. 6,000 ᐊᕐᕌᒍᐃᑦ ᐊᓂᒍᓕᕐᑎᓗᒋᓪᓕ, ᓯᑯᐊᓗᒃ ᖄᖓᒍᑦ ᐊᐳᑎᐅᑦᓱᓂ ᐊᐅᑦᓯᒪᓕᕐᑐᖅ ᓄᓈᓪᓛᑦ ᓄᐃᓯᒪᓕᕐᓱᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᕈᓲᓄᑦ ᐱᕈᕐᕕᐅᕙᓪᓕᐊᑐᐃᓐᓇᖏᓐᓈᓱᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐆᒪᔪᐃᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᕐᑕᑐᒥᐅᖑᒍᓐᓇᓯᓯᒪᑦᓱᑎᒃ. ᓄᓇᕕᒃ ᖃᖓᓪᓗᐊᖅ ᓇᔪᕐᑕᐅᓯᒪᓕᕐᒪᖔᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᐊᕐᕋᒍᐃᑦ 4,000-ᐃᑦ ᒥᑦᓵᓂᑦᑐᑦ ᐊᓂᒍᕐᓯᒪᓕᕐᓂᕋᕐᑕᐅᓱᑎᒃ ᐅᓪᓗᒥᒧᑦ ᐃᓄᓐᓄᑦ ᓇᔪᕐᑕᐅᓯᒪᓕᕐᓂᖓ ᓱᕐᖁᐃᓇᕐᑐᖅ.

→ ᑐᓂᖅᑳᕕᓂᐊᓗᐃᑦ (4,000-ᒥᑦ 2,500-ᒧᑦ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᐃᑦ ᓈᓕᕐᑐᑦ ᐅᓪᓗᒥᒧᑦ)

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